In human mouths there are various types of dental germs, but not all of these germs are harmful. However, if you neglect to maintain oral and dental hygiene, certain types of dental germs can multiply and cause a number of health problems.
There are at least about 6 billion germ teeth and mouth. Of the many germs in the teeth, there are good germs that benefit health and there are bad germs that can cause a number of illnesses, especially if dental and mouth hygiene are not maintained properly.
Habits That Make More Bad Tooth Germs
The following are some of the habits that can cause bad germs to appear and multiply rapidly in the mouth, so that they risk damaging your health:
1. Too much sweet or sour food
Dental germs will multiply quickly if you get glucose obtained from sugary foods or high carbohydrates. These foods include bread, potato chips, candy, sweet cakes, and chocolate.
The habit of consuming sugary drinks, like soft drinks, can also make germ teeth thrive.
2. Lazy to brush teeth
Lazy habit of brushing teeth can make food scraps stick to teeth and gums, eventually causing plaque. The leftover food that forms plaque will become food intake for dental germs, so that germs can grow and multiply quickly.
3. Wrong choice of mouthwash
Mouthwash with alcohol content can make your mouth dry. This can cause plaque buildup and cause more dental germs.
Smoking can damage the balance of normal flora or good germs found in the mouth. This will then cause the number of bad tooth germs to be more.
Some other things that can affect the balance of organisms in the mouth include taking drugs that make the mouth dry, hormonal changes in women, a weakened immune system (for example due to side effects of chemotherapy drugs or HIV / AIDS), diabetes and stomach acid disease.
Health Problems due to Bad Tooth Germs
When the balance of microorganisms in the mouth is disrupted, the number of bad dental germs will increase. This can cause a number of health problems, including:
The exact cause of canker sores is actually still not known with certainty. But this condition is closely related to the process of inflammation and imbalance the number of good and bad bacteria in the mouth. In addition, canker sores can also occur due to the growth of the fungus Candida albicans.
2. Bad breath
Bad breath or halitosis is caused by several things, one of which is excessive bacterial growth. This bacterium can grow on food debris, dental plaque, or when gum disease occurs.
3. Caries or cavities
Caries can be caused by dental germs, which are acid-producing bacteria that can damage teeth. If left untreated, over time caries can cause severe infections to cause toothache.
4. Gum inflammation
Gum inflammation occurs when bad bacteria infect gums through plaque buildup. This condition can cause swollen and bleeding gums when you brush your teeth.
Inflammation of the gums that is not handled properly will cause periodontitis, which is a severe infection of the gums where bacteria accumulate on the teeth and gums. This causes tooth decay and a number of complaints, such as tooth loss, swollen gums, bad breath, and pain when swallowing.
An untreated upper tooth infection can eventually cause sinusitis. This is because the sinus cavity is located close to the upper teeth, so that germs that grow and reproduce well in the teeth can move into the sinus cavity.
6. Heart disorders
Certain bacteria in the mouth can enter the bloodstream, thus spreading to other organs and causing inflammation. According to one study, the spread of dental germs can increase the risk of heart valve disorders, endocarditis, and heart disease.
Given the many effects of dental germs that can interfere with health, then you need to take care of your teeth and mouth properly.
The way to do this is by brushing your teeth twice a day, cleaning between your teeth with dental floss, gargling with water after eating, increasing consumption of fibrous foods such as fruits and vegetables, reducing sweet foods and drinks, and checking your teeth to the dentist every time. 6 months.